country briefing: Uganda – economy

by admin on September 1, 2010

Country Briefing – Uganda

Section 1: Economy and Business Climate

Macroeconomic and human development indicators:

INDICATOR YEAR
Population (millions) 32.71 2009
Population growth (annual %) 3.3 2009
GNI, Atlas method (current US$) (billions) 15.20 2009
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) 460 2009
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 128 2009
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000) 440 2003-2008
GDP (current US$) (billions) 16.04 2009
GDP growth (annual %) 7.1 2009
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) 16.5 2009
Life expectancy at birth (years) 53 2008
Total adult literacy rate (%) 74 2003-2008
% of population using improved drinking-water sources 64 2006
% of population using improved sanitation facilities total 33 2006
Youth (15–24 years) literacy rate, male 88 2003-2007
Youth (15–24 years) literacy rate, female 84 2003-2007
Number per 100 population , phones 14 2007
Number per 100 population , Internet users 3 2007
Government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditure 8.9 2006
Government health spending as % of total health spending 25.4 2006
UN Human Development Index ranking 143 out of 169 2010
Gini index 43 2005
Estimated adult HIV prevalence rate % (aged 15–49) 5.4 2007
Estimated number of people (all ages) living with HIV (thousands), estimate 940 2007
HIV antiretroviral therapy coverage (%) 27 2006
Tuberculosis prevalence (per 100,000) 561 2006
Malaria cases (per 1,000) 355 2006
Undernourished (%) 14 2004

Sources: WHO, UNICEF, UN

http://www.who.int/countries/uga/en/

http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/uganda_statistics.html

http://www.ohchr.org/en/countries/africaregion/pages/ugindex.aspx

Regulatory/Government

  • The Ugandan government has president as head of the state and government. The current President of Uganda is Yoweri Kaguta Museveni.
  • There are mainly three most significant parts of the Uganda government: executive, judiciary and legislative. The President and the Cabinet under him are the executive heads of the country and the parliament is endowed with the legislative powers.
  • There are a number of ministries in Uganda that govern different sectors in the country.
  • The Ministry of Health Uganda- a government body set up with a mandate of policy formulation; quality assurance; coordination of health research; and monitoring and evaluation of overall performance of the health sector. However, the Ministry has much less control over the private sector.
  • Other Key Healthcare Organizations that may impact regulation in Uganda: National Drug Authority, National Medical Stores, The National Advisory Committee on Medical Equipment, and World Health Organization.

Demography

Population in 2008: 31,657,000

Population density in 2008 (per square kilometre): 131.3

Largest urban agglomeration in 2007: Kampala (1,420,000)

Urban population (%) in 2007: 12.8

Population growth rate (avg. annual %) 2005-2010: 3.3

Urban population growth rate (avg. annual %) 2005-2010: 4.4

Rural population growth rate (avg. annual %) 2005-2010: 3.1

Population aged 0-14 years (%) in 2009: 48.9

Population aged 60+ years (women and men, % of total) 2009: 4.3/3.5

Sex ratio (men per 100 women) in 2009: 100.3

Geography

Region: East Africa

Surface area (square kilometres): 241,038

Forested area (% of land area) in 2007: 17.5

Trade, assets and regional and global economic role and relations

Exports (million US$) in 2008: 1724.3

Imports (million US$) in 2008: 4525.9

In 2008, trade was in deficit with all MDG region. The largest deficit was recorded with Western Asia (-649.5 mln US$). Large deficits were also recorded with Southern Asia (-480 mln US$), Eastern Asia (-440.9 mln US$) and Developed Europe (-322.6 mln US$).

Major trading partners (% of exports) in 2008: Sudan (14.3), Kenya (9.5), Switzerland (9.0)

Major trading partners (% of imports) in 2008: United Arab Emirates (11.4), Kenya (11.3), India (10.4)

Source: United Nations Country Profile, United Nations Statistics division, http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Uganda Accessed 2/8/11

What is the impact of the business climate on the enterprises’ roles in delivering health care?

  • Although much of Uganda’s population lives below the poverty line, free market policies provide an environment that encourages innovation & foreign direct investment.
  • Healthcare sector is managed by a complex public/private set of partnerships (MoH, MoF, CHAI, TASO, PEPFAR Funders) so finding the right relationships & touch-points is critical.

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