Country Briefing – Uganda
Section 1: Economy and Business Climate
Macroeconomic and human development indicators:
|Population growth (annual %)||3.3||2009|
|GNI, Atlas method (current US$) (billions)||15.20||2009|
|GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)||460||2009|
|Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000)||128||2009|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000)||440||2003-2008|
|GDP (current US$) (billions)||16.04||2009|
|GDP growth (annual %)||7.1||2009|
|Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %)||16.5||2009|
|Life expectancy at birth (years)||53||2008|
|Total adult literacy rate (%)||74||2003-2008|
|% of population using improved drinking-water sources||64||2006|
|% of population using improved sanitation facilities total||33||2006|
|Youth (15–24 years) literacy rate, male||88||2003-2007|
|Youth (15–24 years) literacy rate, female||84||2003-2007|
|Number per 100 population , phones||14||2007|
|Number per 100 population , Internet users||3||2007|
|Government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditure||8.9||2006|
|Government health spending as % of total health spending||25.4||2006|
|UN Human Development Index ranking||143 out of 169||2010|
|Estimated adult HIV prevalence rate % (aged 15–49)||5.4||2007|
|Estimated number of people (all ages) living with HIV (thousands), estimate||940||2007|
|HIV antiretroviral therapy coverage (%)||27||2006|
|Tuberculosis prevalence (per 100,000)||561||2006|
|Malaria cases (per 1,000)||355||2006|
Sources: WHO, UNICEF, UN
- The Ugandan government has president as head of the state and government. The current President of Uganda is Yoweri Kaguta Museveni.
- There are mainly three most significant parts of the Uganda government: executive, judiciary and legislative. The President and the Cabinet under him are the executive heads of the country and the parliament is endowed with the legislative powers.
- There are a number of ministries in Uganda that govern different sectors in the country.
- The Ministry of Health Uganda- a government body set up with a mandate of policy formulation; quality assurance; coordination of health research; and monitoring and evaluation of overall performance of the health sector. However, the Ministry has much less control over the private sector.
- Other Key Healthcare Organizations that may impact regulation in Uganda: National Drug Authority, National Medical Stores, The National Advisory Committee on Medical Equipment, and World Health Organization.
Population in 2008: 31,657,000
Population density in 2008 (per square kilometre): 131.3
Largest urban agglomeration in 2007: Kampala (1,420,000)
Urban population (%) in 2007: 12.8
Population growth rate (avg. annual %) 2005-2010: 3.3
Urban population growth rate (avg. annual %) 2005-2010: 4.4
Rural population growth rate (avg. annual %) 2005-2010: 3.1
Population aged 0-14 years (%) in 2009: 48.9
Population aged 60+ years (women and men, % of total) 2009: 4.3/3.5
Sex ratio (men per 100 women) in 2009: 100.3
Region: East Africa
Surface area (square kilometres): 241,038
Forested area (% of land area) in 2007: 17.5
Trade, assets and regional and global economic role and relations
Exports (million US$) in 2008: 1724.3
Imports (million US$) in 2008: 4525.9
In 2008, trade was in deficit with all MDG region. The largest deficit was recorded with Western Asia (-649.5 mln US$). Large deficits were also recorded with Southern Asia (-480 mln US$), Eastern Asia (-440.9 mln US$) and Developed Europe (-322.6 mln US$).
Major trading partners (% of exports) in 2008: Sudan (14.3), Kenya (9.5), Switzerland (9.0)
Major trading partners (% of imports) in 2008: United Arab Emirates (11.4), Kenya (11.3), India (10.4)
Source: United Nations Country Profile, United Nations Statistics division, http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Uganda Accessed 2/8/11
What is the impact of the business climate on the enterprises’ roles in delivering health care?
- Although much of Uganda’s population lives below the poverty line, free market policies provide an environment that encourages innovation & foreign direct investment.
- Healthcare sector is managed by a complex public/private set of partnerships (MoH, MoF, CHAI, TASO, PEPFAR Funders) so finding the right relationships & touch-points is critical.